The Facts

Full name: Federative Republic of Brazil

Population: 194.2 million (UN, 2008)

Capital: Brasilia

Largest city: Sao Paulo

Area: 8.55 million sq km (3.3 million sq miles)

Major language: Portuguese

Major religion: Christianity

Life expectancy: 69 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)

Median Age of Population: 28,6 years 

Labor Force: 100.9 million people.

Internet domain: .br

International dialling code: +55

GDP: purchasing power parity – $1.99 trillion (2008)

GDP – real growth rate: 5,4% in 2007; 5,2% in 2008 and 4% in 2009 (est.)

GDP – per capita: purchasing power parity – $10.100 (2008 est.)

GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 14% industry: 36% services: 50% (1997)

Population below poverty line: 17.4% (1990 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.8% highest 10%: 47.9% (1995)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5% (1999)

Labor force: 74 million (1997 est.)

Labor force – by occupation: services 42%, agriculture 31%, industry 27%

Unemployment rate: 7.5% (1999 est.)

Budget: revenues: $151 billion expenditures: $149 billion, including capital expenditures of $36 billion (1998)

Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

Electricity – production: 316.927 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity – production by source: fossil fuel: 4.92% hydro: 91.02% nuclear: 0.99% other: 3.07% (1998)

Electricity – consumption: 336.242 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity – imports: 41.5 billion kWh note: imports electricity from Paraguay (1998)

Agriculture – products: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef

Exports: $46.9 billion (f.o.b., 1999)

Exports – commodities: manufactures, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee

Exports – partners: US 18%, Argentina 13%, Germany 5%, Netherlands 5%, Japan 4% (1999)

Imports: $48.7 billion (f.o.b., 1999)

Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, chemical products, oil, electricity

Imports – partners: US 23%, Argentina 12%, Germany 10%, Japan 5%, Italy 5% (1999)

Currency: 1 real (R$) = 100 centavos